Urology is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of conditions related to the urinary system in both males and females, as well as conditions related to the male reproductive system. This can include conditions such as urinary tract infections, kidney stones, prostate cancer, and infertility. Urologists use various diagnostic tools such as ultrasounds, CT scans, and MRIs, and may use surgical procedures to treat these conditions. Urology is often closely related to nephrology, which deals with the diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases.
The common urology procedures include –
Renal (Kidney) surgery
Surgery to the penis
Kidney removal (nephrectomy)
Surgery of the ureters such as removal of calculus in the ureters or ureterolithotomy
Removal of the prostate or prostatic surgery
Pelvic lymph node dissection