Urology is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of conditions related to the urinary system in both males and females, as well as conditions related to the male reproductive system. This can include conditions such as urinary tract infections, kidney stones, prostate cancer, and infertility. Urologists use various diagnostic tools such as ultrasounds, CT scans, and MRIs, and may use surgical procedures to treat these conditions. Urology is often closely related to nephrology, which deals with the diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases.

The common urology procedures include –

Bladder surgery

Renal (Kidney) surgery

Surgery to the penis

Kidney removal (nephrectomy)

Urethra surgery

Surgery of the ureters such as removal of calculus in the ureters or ureterolithotomy

Testicular surgery

Removal of the prostate or prostatic surgery

Pelvic lymph node dissection

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